Sur ce site

Accueil du site > Equipes de Recherche > Migration rural-urbain, pauvreté et environnement durable : le cas de Lagos, Nigeria. > Conclusions and policy implications

Rural-Urban Migration, Poverty and Sustainable Environment : The Case of Lagos, Nigeria.

Conclusions and policy implications

Worldwide, rural-urban migration has been a thing of concern to policy makers, development partners and researchers over the years. It is a major source of increased population and demographic pressure in many cities throughout the world. Such population dynamics often carry along tremendous impacts on the environment particularly in situations where infrastructures are not maintained or improved upon in resonance with the rate of population increases.

An examination of the associated implications of such population dynamics on the environment, the migrants and the people in their areas of origin will throw light on the way consequences of (rapid) rural-urban migration and the way forward. As a pointer to the attendant problems and possible window of escape, this study examined the reasons, impacts and consequences of rural-urban migration on Lagos, a commercial nerve centre and a former capital city of Nigeria.

This study opines that in order to address the environmental and health problems faced in Lagos and other cities with high inflow of migrants, efforts to improve the socio-economic situations of rural areas and transit towns should receive greater attention. The study therefore recommends that functional facilities such as pipe borne water, tertiary institutions, and industries should be provided in the identified towns and the rural areas. Agro-allied industries must be set up in the area to reduce rural-urban migration in order to provide job opportunity for the people of the rural areas. The state of environmental degradation in Lagos is worrisome and this calls for a public private sector participation strategy in the management of cities. With such a strategy well formulated a monitoring and evaluation structure needs to be put in place to ensure compliance with the rules and regulations that will make the environment sustainable.