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Population, Urban Development and the Environment in Uganda : The Case of Kampala City and its Environs

Conclusions and policy implications

The physical environment is a significant factor on the well being of people as it determines the quality and quantity of resources to be harnessed for national socio-economic development. However sustainable development depends on planned use of the resources. This is true for both rural and urban areas. As a primate city, Kampala is faced with rapid population growth, which is unevenly distributed among the administrative divisions. The population surpasses the available infrastructure (housing and social services), employment opportunities as the administration is under funded. This has resulted in many people adopting various coping (survival) strategies. Unfortunately these strategies are not planned for and this has resulted in congestion, informal housing, solid waste accumulation, irresponsible solid waste disposal, poor sanitation wetland degradation and water pollution. The interaction between P/D/E clearly indicated that the rapid population growth and the associated developments through provisioning of housing, industries and the associated economic activities in a situation of failed implementation of urban structural plans impacts negatively on the environment. The negative impacts are felt through poor sanitary conditions, crowded/unplanned housing, floods, wetland alteration/degradation, inappropriate solid waste management practices, and water and soil pollution. All these need to be addressed if Kampala and Uganda in general is to sustain her economic development. This can be done through the enactment and implementation of policies and laws, which address the issues revealed through this study.