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Accueil du site > Equipes de Recherche > Outils pour une gestion durable du foncier et de l’environnement urbain dans un contexte de transition politique. Municipalités de Bethlehem, Beit Jala and Beit Sahour, Palestine. > Methodology

Policy Tools towards Sustainable Land Use and Urban Environmental Management under a Transitional Political Context


This question of the sustainability of the target area was approached from two complementary angles. On one hand, the analysis of the role of the municipalities, and the problems they face, and, on the other hand, an investigation of the citizen’s perceptions of these same municipalities.

In order to analyze this role of the municipalities, a series of interviews and roundtable meetings were conducted with the decision makers and the directorate of Local Government in Bethlehem Governorate. Two questionnaires surveys were conducted. The first one was among municipal executive staff and decision makers and the questions were divided into three parts corresponding to the different departments (administrative, planning and environmental department). The second questionnaire survey was conducted amongst the local government directorate in Bethlehem Governorate and aimed at investigating a certain number of issues such as the level of cooperation between the municipalities and the local government, the compliance of the municipalities with the national development policies, the inclusion of the public in the decision making process, the main hindrances to sustainable development, and policies that can be adopted under a changing political condition, among other issues. A review was also made of the laws and mandates that govern the municipalities to compare the compliance of the municipalities with these laws. The data collected and reviewed from the three national plans and the literature review of relevant population dynamics, sustainable land use, environmental management and urban governance policies that were conducted were also used as a guideline to form the framework of analysis.

In order to assess the citizens’ perception of the municipality policies and the quality of public services as well as the citizens’ awareness and knowledge of issues related to sustainable development, a questionnaire was designed by the research team. It consisted of 51 questions summated to 97 persons from the study area. The sample was selected randomly from people working in governmental and non governmental organization, students, workers, housewives, shopkeepers and unemployed persons. The results were translated from Arabic to English and entered in the Statistical Program for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The data produced by SPSS was entered into Excel where figures and diagrams were generated and analyzed.