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Dynamiques foncières dans le district de Sing, province de Luang Namtha, RDP du Laos


La configuration historique du foncier et les mécanismes de la transition agraire au nord du Laos, ainsi que leurs rapports à la structure de la population, à la démographie et aux moyens d’existence des ménages, ont été sous étudiés. En combinant plusieurs méthodes interdisciplinaires, l’équipe a notamment décri les processus de transformation socioéconomique et de changement d’utilisation de la terre dans le district de Sing, province de Luang Namtha. Alors que l’étude montre une augmentation de la densité de la population et de la commercialisation de la production agricole dans les basses terres, quelles sont les conséquences de ces changements sur les pratiques communautaires de gestion et d’utilisation de la terre ?

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Country : Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Language : Lao, English
Team leader : Sithong THONGMANIVONG, Faculty of Forestry, National University of Laos (NUOL), P.O. Box 7322, Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic Tel. : (856)-21-770096 ; Fax : +856-21-770096
Team members :
Other collaborating institutions :
Kobe University, Japan
East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Centre for Asian Research, Toronto, Canada
Total budget : 40000 €
Project status : completed and (...)

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Problem, objectives, contexts and challenges

Northern Laos consist of mountainous sloping land with limited access to arable agricultural land. According to the national survey, high incidence of forest degradation is reported in this region. While destructive aspects of shifting cultivation in the context of increasing population concentrations in the upland have been given much attention, little attention has been paid to the complex human and agro-ecosystem relations of upland communities. This has resulted in application of (...)

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Our research incorporates several interdisciplinary methods to understand the processes of land use transition and demographic change in Sing district. In particular, this study aims to incorporate spatial analysis and socio-economic analysis. We have used aggregated data on demography and agricultural production collected from local government offices, as well as primary field data collected in seven villages of Sing district during December 2003 and August 2005.
In order to understand (...)

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In Laos, all resettlement is directly or indirectly affected by the government policy. Our field interviews in four sub-districts, showed that the main reasons for migration were war and epidemics and more recently access to development services. In the early 1990s, international organisations began to assist development of rural infrastructures, which attracted upland villagers to areas near the main roads, often located in lower elevation. In addition, to integrate upland minority ethnic (...)

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Conclusions and policy implications

While our study has shown increased population density in the lowlands, and increased commercialisation of agricultural production, what are the consequences of these changes on community land and resource use practices ?
One of the obvious consequences is the increased pressure on land use in the lowland areas. Over the years, agricultural land in the lowland has become scarce due to increased population and their needs for productive land. In order to ease the pressure, a transition (...)

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