Sur ce site

Accueil du site > Equipes de Recherche > Migration rural-urbain, pauvreté et environnement durable : le cas de Lagos, Nigeria.

Migration rural-urbain, pauvreté et environnement durable : le cas de Lagos, Nigeria.


L’étude s’intéresse aux causes et à l’impact des migrations rural urbain à Lagos (Nigeria), en soulignant les conséquences de celles-ci sur les conditions socioéconomiques et environnementales de la population à Lagos et dans les lieux d’origine des migrants. Grâce à des méthodes à la fois qualitative et quantitative, cette recherche a montré que les facteurs socioéconomiques, notamment les opportunités professionnelles et éducatives, sont la principale cause de migration à Lagos, ancienne capitale du Nigeria et centre commercial actuel. De plus, l’état de dégradation de l’environnement à Lagos exige des secteurs public et privé la formulation de stratégies participatives pour créer et faire appliquer des règles en faveur de la durabilité environnementale.

Fiche signalétique

Country : Nigeria
Language : English
Team leader : P. A. Okuneye, University of Agriculture, PMB 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria. Tel. : (234) 8033233230, Fax : (234 39) 244830
Team members :
Total budget : 23000 €
Project status : completed and approved

Lire la suite

Problem, objectives, contexts and challenges

This project portends great value for practical issues relating to (1) town planning to accommodate migrants in their places of destination ; (2) the sustenance of local livelihoods in migrants’ places of origin ; (3) sustainable management of the environment in the migrants’ places of destination ; and (4) a review of Nigeria’s environmental protection policy aimed at monitoring and sustaining the quality and safety of the environment.
Lagos provides a classical case for studying migrants and (...)

Lire la suite


The research approach to this study was in three main stages. Firstly, a review of available documents by national and international Institutions and organisations to obtain more data for this project and provide a foundation on which further investigations can be carried out. Secondly, the project is focussed on Lagos as the starting point of a scoping study of the distribution and living conditions of migrants in their places of destination. A stakeholders’ meeting was held involving among (...)

Lire la suite


The study revealed that socio-economic factors, such as better employment and educational opportunities, etc., were the main reasons for people to migrate to Lagos. In fact unemployment fell seven fold among the migrants while in Lagos as compared with before leaving their places of origin. The living conditions were not considered as too as an important factor for migrating to Lagos. The level of poverty in the rural areas is a major factor driving migration to Lagos. Moreover, it was (...)

Lire la suite

Conclusions and policy implications

Worldwide, rural-urban migration has been a thing of concern to policy makers, development partners and researchers over the years. It is a major source of increased population and demographic pressure in many cities throughout the world. Such population dynamics often carry along tremendous impacts on the environment particularly in situations where infrastructures are not maintained or improved upon in resonance with the rate of population increases.
An examination of the associated (...)

Lire la suite